California Facts

Quick Intro

In the 1700, the first Spanish missionaries arrived in California. However, it did not become a U.S. territory until 1847. It was part of the treaty that ended the Mexican-American War. Eventually, the discovery of gold in 1848 at Sutter’s Mill made way to have an influx of settlers to the west coast to search for fortune.

California has become the 31st U.S. state in 1850. It is now the third largest state next to Alaska and Texas. It has millions of acres of farmland, which makes way for it to lead the U.S. in terms of agriculture. The capital city of California is Sacramento, but the largest city is Los Angeles.

California is notoriously famous for its national parks as well as cultural institutions such as Yosemite National Park, Hollywood, Disneyland and Alcatraz.

Capita l : Sacramento

Population : 39.1 million as of 2016

Year Founded : September 9, 1850

Flag  :

The Bear Flag is California’s state flag. It was first flown during the 1846 “Bear Flag Revolt”. The grizzly bear symbolizes the strength of the state, while the star references the “Lone Star of Texas”.  In 1911, it was officially adopted as the State Flag of California.

Annual Gross State Product : $2.514 trillion as of 2016

Ethnic Groups in The State : White, Asian, African American, Pacific Islander, Native American, Hispanic

Main Industries and Source of Income: Farming, Information, Professional and Business Services, Financial Activities, Educational and Health Services, Leisure and Hospitality, Manufacturing, Financial Activities, Retail Trade, Construction

Map :

Major Cities, Towns, And Areas :

Aberdeen(3500)Acton(1750)Adelaide(19193)Adin(1750)Aerial Acres(6783)Agoura(13990)Agua Caliente(74375)Agua Dulce(13992)Alabama Hills(3463)Alameda(48126)Albany(17220)Alderpoint(1688)Alhambra(73486)Alisal(13989)Aliso Viejo(56)Alleghany(1750)Allendale(4916)Allensworth(3500)Almanor(1750)Alpine(1750)Alpine Forest(12229)Alpine Meadows(5198)Alta(1750)Alta Hill(29624)Alta Loma(15728)Altadena(8748)Alturas(5208)American Canyon(12212)Anaheim(177053)Anchor Bay(1750)Anderson(5224)Andrus Island(1510)Angels Camp(5248)Annapolis(1750)Antioch(1750)Apple Valley(13902)Aptos(14000)Arbuckle(1723)Arcadia(40187)Arcata(6719)Argus(1589)Arleta(12250)Arlington(5244)Arnold(6942)Aromas(1750)Arrowhead Farms(6964)Arroyo Grande(10497)Artesia(55978)Arvin(5141)Asti(1750)Atascadero(12215)Atherton(1738)Atwater(8698)Auburn(38444)Avalon(1750)Avenal(1687)Avila Beach(1750)Azusa(3496)Badger(1750)Baker(1750)Baker Ranch(3500)Bakersfield(235610)Baldwin Hills(5250)Baldwin Park(3500)Ballard(12044)Banta(7653)Barona Rancheria(57605)Barstow(20733)Base Line(8696)Bassett(7000)Baywood Park(3500)Beach Center(21290)Beale Afb(3415)Bel Marin Keyes(1734)Belden(1748)Bell(26243)Bella Vista(1750)Bellflower(52487)Belmont Shore(13999)Belvedere(1747)Ben Lomond(5250)Benicia(30135)Benton(1750)Berenda(3490)Berkeley(73918)Bermuda Dunes(3443)Beverly Hills(110236)Bieber(1750)Big Basin(1750)Big Bear City(3419)Big Creek(1750)Big Pine(3500)Big River(3500)Biggs(3161)Bishop(3499)Bixby Knolls(22749)Black Point(5230)Bloomfield(31210)Blossom Valley(6987)Blue Lake(1557)Blythe(9551)Boca(13979)Bodega(1750)Bodega Bay(5245)Bonds Corner(5247)Bonita(184)Bonny Doon(43749)Boonville(1750)Boron(1750)Bostonia(5644)Boulevard(1750)Box Canyon(1750)Box Springs(3487)Bradbury(7000)Brawley(8477)Brea(30682)Brentwood(1750)Bridgeville(3446)Briones(1749)Brisbane(1737)Bristol(6999)Broadmoor Village(13982)Broderick(1728)Brownsville(1750)Bucks Bar(31484)Bucks Lake(6997)Buena Park(38410)Buffalo Hill(1747)Burbank(134733)Burlingame(41949)Burney(1750)Burrel(1750)Butte Creek(12031)Butte Valley(6814)Buttonwillow(5250)Cabrillo(12240)Cairns Corner(8728)Calabasas(17499)Calexico(19130)Caliente(1678)California City(6962)California Conservation Cent(8750)California Hot Springs(1685)Calimesa(1750)Calipatria(1750)Calistoga(7000)Calpine(1750)Camanche Lake(3500)Camarillo(33199)Cambria(7000)Cameron Park(29730)Camino(3500)Camp Pendleton(15738)Camp Roberts(1694)Campbell(29750)Campo(1749)Camptonville(1750)Canoga Park(33247)Cantua Creek(1750)Canyon Country(38441)Cape Horn(3499)Carlsbad(86092)Carmel(6999)Carmel Valley(1750)Carpinteria(8749)Carson(26241)Caruthers(3443)Casa Blanca(1737)Casitas Springs(22646)Castaic(6999)Castro Valley(1725)Castroville(3500)Cathedral City(22645)Catheys Valley(1750)Cayucos(5027)Cazadero(1750)Cedar Ridge(1750)Cedarville(3500)Centerville(6888)Central Valley(5194)Century City(29747)Ceres(13900)Charter Oak(3500)Chatsworth(21000)Chemehuevi(1556)Cherokee(10494)Chester(1750)Chicago Park(1748)Chico(107446)China Lake(20902)Chino(19138)Chino Hills(1743)Chiriaco Summit(17334)Chowchilla(10324)Chualar(1750)Chula Vista (26506)Cima(1750)Citrus Heights(17440)City Of Industry(104233)City Ranch(6935)Clarksburg(1750)Clay(1750)Clear Creek(5250)Clearlake(6957)Clearlake Oaks(3500)Cleone(7000)Clinton(13999)Clovis(32969)Coachella(1032)Coalinga(5225)Coarsegold(7000)Codora(1750)Coleville(1750)Colma(8734)Colton(24370)Colusa(1733)Commerce(85738)Compton(66494)Conejo(8568)Corcoran(6877)Corning(5231)Corona(13969)Coronado(12249)Corral De Tierra(5241)Corralitos(26222)Corte Madera(7000)Costa Mesa(71305)Cotati(23558)Cottonwood(6973)Coulterville(1738)Covelo(1750)Covina(3500)Cowan Heights(21122)Crescent City(10262)Crockett(3446)Crowley Lake(8750)Crows Landing(1597)Cucamonga(13978)Culver City(15726)Cupertino(29744)Cutten(34999)Cypress(19247)Dairyville(10469)Davis(35871)Death Valley(3495)Del Monte Park(1750)Del Rey(3500)Del Rey Oaks(33392)Del Rosa(5249)Del Sur(59266)Delano(13991)Delhi(1722)Delleker(3489)Denair(3481)Descanso(3499)Desert Center(1750)Desert Hot Springs(8750)Diamond(26245)Diamond Bar(8237)Dillon Beach(1750)Dinuba(5250)Dixon(8735)Dockweiler(5250)Dorris(1750)Dos Palos(3422)Dos Vientos Ranch(17500)Downey(59477)Downieville(1750)Doyle(1717)Ducor(1750)Dunnigan(1493)Dunsmuir(1750)Durham(3478)Eagle Rock(5249)East Gridley(3500)East Long Beach(1750)East Nicolaus(1750)East Orosi(1750)East Palo Alto(3500)Edgewood(3500)Edward(1694)El Cajon(39004)El Centro(20871)El Cerrito(1741)El Dorado(1750)El Dorado Hills(8714)El Granada(1750)El Monte(54246)El Segundo(48998)El Sereno Car(12249)El Sobrante(1741)El Toro(2751)Elderwood(3500)Elizabeth Lake(3500)Elk(1750)Elk Creek(1750)Elk Grove(3500)Emerald Hills(5236)Emeryville(3447)Encinitas(71458)Encino(78745)Escalon(3479)Escondido(90947)Esparto(1725)Eureka(1653)Exeter(3463)Fair Oaks(12250)Fairfield(26668)Fallbrook(12248)Farmersville(1743)Farmington(1750)Felicity(3380)Fellows(1705)Felton(24496)Ferndale(1734)Fillmore(3405)Firebaugh(5019)Firestone Park(50741)Five Points(1750)Flintridge(10497)Folsom(10480)Fontana(33229)Forestville(5139)Fort Jones(1734)Fort Macarthur(20956)Fortuna(5134)Foster City(5250)Fountain Valley(7348)Fouts Springs(1750)Fowler(3473)Frazier Park(3499)Freestone(10500)Fremont(20750)Fremont Valley(1689)French Gulch(1750)Fresh Pond(5245)Fresno(326656)Friendly Valley(8750)Fruto(5167)Fullerton(65187)Galt(6908)Garberville(3385)Garden Grove(57581)Gardena(75244)Garey(20976)Gasquet(1707)Gaviota(4636)Gazelle(1750)George Afb(3485)Gerber(20959)Geyserville(3500)Gilroy(19222)Glassell(3500)Glendale(159229)Glendora(6998)Glennville(1623)Gold River(15599)Goleta(8143)Gonzales(1705)Gorman(1750)Granada Hills(15750)Grass Valley(6890)Grayson(3393)Greenbrae(5209)Greenfield(1750)Grenada(1750)Grimes(1750)Groveland(1750)Grover Beach(3499)Guadalupe(5250)Guerneville(5250)Guinda(1750)Gustine(1750)Half Moon Bay(13956)Hallwood(13637)Hamilton City(1746)Hanford (29469)Happy Camp(1750)Harbor City(3500)Hawthorne(38499)Hayfork(5234)Hayward(122001)Healdsburg(12250)Helendale(1750)Hemet(3480)Hercules(1725)Hermosa Beach(1750)Hesperia(12682)Hi Vista(3499)Hidden Valley(7175)Hidden Valley Lake(5250)Highland(3494)Highland Park(27996)Hilltop Mall(3485)Hilt(1750)Hollister(24427)Hollywood(99721)Hoopa(1750)Hornitos(1750)Hughson(1750)Huntington(19237)Huntington Beach(56470)Huntington Park(17497)Huron(1624)Hydesville(1693)Imperial(1712)Indian Wells(5246)Inglewood(31499)Inverness(1749)Inyokern(1740)Irvine(33494)Jamestown(1749)Jamul(3500)Janesville(1750)Joshua Tree(3467)Julian(1727)Juniper Hills(1750)Kagel Canyon(19250)Kelseyville(5250)Kenwood(6664)Kerman(6815)Keswick(22713)King City(3500)Kingsburg(5159)Klamath(1750)Knights Ferry(8644)Knights Landing(1750)La Grange(3306)La Habra(27999)La Honda(1750)La Jolla(1747)La Mesa(38510)La Mirada(17498)La Quinta(11651)La Sierra(3497)La Tuna Canyon(15749)La Verne(1737)Lake Balboa(6999)Lake Isabella(10435)Lake Los Angeles(48997)Lake San Marcos(12238)Lake Wildwood(3499)Lakehead(1750)Lakeport(17349)Lakeshore(1750)Lakeside(10733)Lakewood(33236)Lamont(1739)Lancaster(3500)Larkfield(3101)Larkspur(1750)Lathrop(1750)Laton(1750)Lava Beds National Monument(1644)Lawndale(1750)Laytonville(1750)Le Grand(3500)Lee Vining(1702)Leesville(1586)Leggett(1750)Lemon Cove(1750)Lemon Grove(1743)Lemoore(15524)Lewiston(5089)Lincoln(8583)Lincoln Heights(19246)Linden(1750)Live Oak(1666)Livermore(5239)Livingston(1670)Lockeford(3500)Lodi(34997)Loma Linda(5239)Lomita(1750)Lompoc(25487)Long Beach (129428)Loomis(1727)Los Alamos(1750)Los Altos(22699)Los Angeles(1365597)Los Banos(12044)Los Gatos(38496)Los Molinos(1738)Los Nietos(12250)Lost Hills(1750)Loyalton(1750)Lucerne(3500)Lucerne Valley(1750)Lynwood(1750)Macdoel(1750)Madera(20941)Magalia(6899)Malibu(15748)Manhattan Beach(5250)Manteca(20999)Mare Island(1739)Maricopa(1715)Marigold(8726)Marin City(13998)Marina(2244)Marina Del Rey(34993)Marinwood(17393)Mariposa(5231)Maxwell(1750)Mc Farland(3409)Mcclellan(1732)Mccloud(1750)Mckinleyville(4999)Meadow Vista(1748)Mecca(3313)Meeks Bay(1750)Meiners Oaks(7000)Mendota(5061)Menlo Park(41929)Mentone(1749)Merced(74979)Meridian(1709)Midway City(3500)Mill Creek(1750)Mill Valley(20998)Millbrae(14000)Milpitas(26248)Mira Loma(1750)Miranda(1672)Moccasin(1750)Modesto (137207)Modjeska Canyon(3500)Moffett Field(5242)Mokelumne Hill(3500)Monrovia(34999)Montague(3500)Montclair(1747)Monte Rio(1642)Montebello(29747)Montecito(3527)Monterey(1748)Monterey Park(7000)Moorpark(14000)Moreno Valley(10462)Morgan Hill(19249)Morongo Valley(1744)Morro Bay(1750)Moss Beach(3500)Moss Landing(1746)Mount Shasta(8750)Mountain Ranch(1597)Mountain View(85637)Murphys(1750)Murrieta(1750)Napa(54503)National City(19249)Navelencia(10080)Newark(1745)Newberry Springs(1739)Newcastle(1750)Newhall(5250)Newman(3400)Newport Beach(1191)Newville(5043)Nicasio(1750)Nipomo(3500)Norco(1739)Norden(1750)North Fork(1740)North Highlands(1733)North Hills(24500)North Hollywood(129492)North Richmond(13937)Northridge(49372)Norwalk(26250)Novato(12211)Nut Tree(340)O Neals(1750)Oak Glen(6976)Oak View(1750)Oakhurst(5249)Oakland (388873)Occidental(1750)Oceanside(54686)One Hundred Palms(2158)One Hundred0 Palms(3494)Ontario(40157)Orange (82535)Orange Cove(1750)Orcutt(5246)Oregon House(1713)Orick(1750)Orinda(1750)Orleans(1750)Oro Grande(1737)Oroville(13964)Oxnard (48828)Pacific Palisades(5250)Pacifica(8733)Pacoima(1750)Pala(1750)Palermo(1750)Palm Desert(38262)Palm Springs(1730)Palmdale(7000)Palo Alto(90995)Palo Cedro(1750)Palo Verde(1750)Palos Verdes Estates(1750)Panorama City(5250)Paradise(6956)Paramount(27998)Parlier(3325)Pasadena(146988)Paso Robles(1750)Paynes Creek(1750)Pescadero(1750)Petaluma (12133)Petrolia(1750)Phelan(13940)Phillips Ranch(15710)Pico Rivera(17499)Piercy(1750)Pine Grove(5250)Pine Valley(1749)Pinole(6960)Pinon Hills(1723)Pioneer(3500)Piru(3500)Pismo Beach(7000)Pixley(1750)Placentia(28000)Planada(1750)Platina(1750)Plymouth(3500)Point Arena(3500)Point Mugu Nawc(1747)Pomona(13982)Poplar(19191)Potter Valley(1750)Poway(10466)Prunedale(1746)Ramona(10373)Rancho(5267)Rancho Bernardo(3496)Rancho Mirage(2607)Rancho Murieta(1732)Ravendale(1750)Redding(20979)Redondo Beach(10500)Redwood City(69514)Redwood Valley(1747)Rialto(12249)Richmond(24314)Richvale(1750)Rio Dell(3500)Rio Vista(1750)Ripon(3500)Riverbank(1750)Riverdale(3500)Riverside(6957)Robbins(1750)Rocklin(3464)Rosamond(3493)Rosemead(15750)Roseville(29649)Round Mountain(1750)Sacramento(238643)Saint Helena(13884)Salida(3479)Salinas(52324)San Andreas(12250)San Ardo(1750)San Bernardino(31587)San Bruno(12214)San Buenaventura(8740)San Carlos(3490)San Clemente(593)San Diego(510124)San Fernando(19250)San Francisco(782364)San Gabriel(19249)San Joaquin(3500)San Jose(621043)San Leandro(32761)San Lorenzo(3486)San Luis Obispo(80467)San Marcos(17481)San Martin(3499)San Mateo(117163)San Rafael(55501)San Ramon(1742)Sand City(1452)Santa Ana(70205)Santa Barbara(46402)Santa Clara(89234)Santa Clarita(41981)Santa Cruz(32474)Santa Fe Springs(29750)Santa Maria(12232)Santa Monica(82238)Santa Paula(12249)Santa Rosa(57849)Santa Susana(2206)Santa Ynez(3472)Santee(13812)Saratoga(14000)Seal Beach(1750)Shelter Cove(1741)Sherman Oaks(110245)Shingletown(1750)Sierra Madre(8750)Simi Valley(69995)Smith River(1750)Snelling(3500)Soledad(1750)Somes Bar(1750)Somis(3500)Sonora(13999)Soulsbyville(1750)South Gate(12248)South Lake Tahoe(1750)South Pasadena(10499)South San Francisco(87007)Southport(3451)Spring Valley(8748)Spring Valley Lake(26109)Springville(3500)Standish(1750)Stockton(224984)Stratford(3500)Strathmore(1750)Sunnyvale(82183)Sutter Creek(5249)Taft(10257)Tarzana(3500)Tecopa(1750)Tehachapi(1220)Templeton(3486)Terra Bella(3436)Thornton(1691)Thousand Oaks(73391)Three Rivers(1723)Tierra Buena(49517)Tipton(3500)Topanga(3500)Torrance(62908)Tracy(20918)Tranquillity(1750)Tres Pinos(1342)Trinidad(3442)Trinity Center(1750)Truckee(3494)Tujunga(1750)Tulare(17427)Tuolumne(1750)Turlock(13918)Tustin(35111)Twain Harte(1750)Twentynine Palms(10483)Ukiah(13975)Union City(8722)Upland(19227)Upper Lake(3500)Vacaville (27934)Vallejo(55840)Valley Center(3500)Valley Glen(5249)Valley Springs(3500)Victorville(8722)Vina(1598)Visalia(90469)Vista(52412)Volcano(12198)Warner Springs(1750)Wasco(6648)Waterford(1653)Weaverville(3451)Weldon(1750)Weott(1750)West Covina(6996)West Point(1750)Westley(1702)Westminster(43870)Wheatland(3212)Whitmore(1750)Whittier (45496)Willits(5238)Willow Creek(1750)Wilmington(17469)Windsor(10257)Winters(1750)Wofford Heights(1750)Woodacre(1729)Woodland(29514)Woodland Hills(73498)Wrightwood(1750)Yorba Linda(6043)Yountville(6981)Yreka(7000)Yuba City(1750)Yucca Valley(12193)

Historical Landmarks : The Abbey, Joaquin Miller House”, The Ahwahnee, Alcatraz Island, Angelus Temple, Baldwin Hills Village, Balboa Park, California Powder Works Bridge, Luther Burbank House and Garden, Coso Rock Art District, “Commander’s House, Fort Ross”, Donner Camp Sites, Drakes Bay Historic and Archeological District, Eames House, Elmshaven, Estudillo House, Edwin Hubble House, Las Flores Adobe, Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge, Sutter’s Fort, Tule Lake Segregation Center, Unitary Plan Wind Tunnel, Hale Solar Observatory, Hotel del Coronado, Guajome Ranch House, Harada House, Hanna-Honeycomb House, United States Immigration Station, Angel Island, Warner’s Ranch, United States Post Office and Court House, Wawona Hotel and Thomas Hill Studio,        Yuma Crossing and Associated Sites, Knight’s Ferry Bridge, La Purisima Mission, Lake Merritt Wild Duck Refuge, Lightship WAL-605, Little Tokyo Historic District, Leconte Memorial Lodge

Tourist Destinations : Hollywood, Yosemite National Park, Lake Tahoe, Santa Monica, California Science Center, The Broad, Exposition Park, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, SeaWorld, Venice Beach, The Nethercutt Collection, Disneyland, Natural History Museum, Redwood National Park, Universal Studios Hollywood, Griffith Park, Channel Islands National Park, Santa Catalina Island, Death Valley, Big Sur, Golden Gate Bridge, Sequoia National Park, Kings Canyon National Park, Museum of Contemporary Art, Sturtevant Falls, Pacific Coast Highway, Joshua Tree National Park, Pfeiffer Beach, Lava Beds National Monument, McWay Falls, Emerald Bay, Muir Woods, Napa Valley, Cathedral Peak, Mariposa Woods, Glacier Point, Pomponio Beach, California One Highway, Big Basin Redwoods State Park, Mendocino Coast

Modes of Transportation : highways, railroads, mass transit systems, ports, waterways, and aviation

Notable Personalities : Ben Affleck (Director), Jake Gyllenhaal (Actor), Bryan Cranston (Actor), Mahershala Ali (Actor), Daniel Handler (Author), Drew Barrymore (ACtor), Tom Brady (Football Player), Cher (Singer), Christina Ricci (Actor), Ava DuVernay (Director), Carrie Fisher (Actress), Andrew Garfield (Actor), Kesha (Singer), Tyra Banks (Host), Robert Englund (Film Actor), Ronda Rousey (MMA Fighter), Bruce Lee (Martial Arts Expert), Tobey Maguire (Actor), Shailene Woodley (Actress), Frank Ocean (Songwriter), Adela Rogers St. Johns (Author), Rami Malek (Actor), Clint Eastwood (Director), Florence Joyner (Athlete), Tom Hanks (Actor), Tyga (Rapper), Elizabeth Montgomery (Actress), Dr. Dre (Producer), Maxine Hong Kingston (Author), Snoop Dogg (Rapper), Tim Burton (Director), Kara Walker (Painter), Adam Levine (Singer), Ed Begley Jr. (Environmentalist)

Description

California is United States’ most populous state. It is the third most extensive in terms of area. California’s capital is Sacramento, but Los Angeles is the largest city of California.  In terms of population, Los Angeles is likewise the most populous city, and it is the second largest across the country after New York City.

Today’s California was first settled by several Native American tribes following the exploration by various European expeditions throughout the 16th and the 17th centuries. But the Spanish Empire was the first to claim that it was part of Alta California, which was included in their New Spain colony. In 1821, the location became a part of Mexico after its successful campaign for war for independence.  However, in 1848, it was surrendered to the United States following the Mexican-American War.

Meanwhile, the California Gold Rush began in 1848. It has led to a significant demographic as well as social changes due to a mass exodus from the east and overseas. It was also accompanied by a boom in the economy. California is considered a worldwide trendsetter in politics and popular culture. It is where the film industry originated and the Internet.

Almost 58 percent of the economy of the state revolves around finance, real estate services, government, technology technical and scientific services. In terms of religion, Protestant has the highest rate in California, followed by Roman Catholic then the Atheists (No Religion). The influences of Judaism, Buddhism, Islam and Hinduism are also present in the state.

Like other states, California has three different branches of government; the executive branch, the legislative branch and the judicial branch.

Interesting Facts About California

  • California ranks first on the list of the states with the largest economy. In 1997, it was the first state to achieve the trillion-dollar standard in gross state product. With that said, California ranked ninth largest world economy in 2012.
  • As a result of the discovery of gold at Sutter’s Mill, the population of California has skyrocketed from just 14,000 to a whopping 250,000 in only four years. Between the period of 1850 to 1859, 28,208,711 fine ounces of gold have been extracted by miners.
  • Over 3.3 million tons of winegrapes are being grown in California. It has more than 540,000 acres where winegrapes are grown every year. It produces approximately 90 percent of all the wine in the United States.
  • Death Valley is considered the highest and driest place in the U.S. It reaches temperatures more than 120 degrees Fahrenheit during summer time.
  • Each year, Southern California is prone to having 10,000 earthquakes. However, only 15-20 of these earthquakes reach a magnitude at least 4.0.
  • Poppy is California’s state flower
  • California Redwood is the state’s tree
  • California Grizzly Bear is the state animal of California
  • The California Valley Quail is the state bird of California
  • California is also called “The Golden State”, “The Land of Milk and Honey” and “The Grape State”
  • The state’s motto is “Eureka” (I have found it)